After we finished building the wall and put the doors in the gates, we chose the men who would guard the gates and the men to sing in the Temple and help the priests. Next, I put my brother Hanani in charge of Jerusalem. I chose another man named Hananiah to be the commander of the fort. I picked Hanani because he was a very honest man and he feared God more than most people do. Then I said to Hanani and Hananiah, “Each day you must wait until the sun has been up for several hours before you open the gates of Jerusalem. You must shut and lock the gates before the sun goes down. Also choose people who live in Jerusalem as guards. Put some of them at special places to guard the city, and put the other people near their own houses.”
The List of Captives Who Returned
Now the city was large and there was plenty of room. But there were few people in it, and the houses had not yet been rebuilt. So my God put it in my heart to have all the people meet together. I called together all the important people, the officials, and the common people. I did this so that I could make a list of all the families. I found the family lists* family lists See Ezra 2. of the people who had been the first to return from captivity. This is what I found written there:
These are the people of the province who came back from captivity. In the past, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon took them as prisoners to Babylon. These people came back to Jerusalem and Judah. They all went to their own towns. They returned with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, and Baanah. This is the list of names and numbers of men from Israel who came back:
the descendants of Parosh 2172
the descendants of Shephatiah 372
10 the descendants of Arah 652
11 the descendants of Pahath Moab of the family line of Jeshua and Joab 2818
12 the descendants of Elam 1254
13 the descendants of Zattu 845
14 the descendants of Zaccai 760
15 the descendants of Binnui 648
16 the descendants of Bebai 628
17 the descendants of Azgad 2322
18 the descendants of Adonikam 667
19 the descendants of Bigvai 2067
20 the descendants of Adin 655
21 the descendants of Ater through the family of Hezekiah 98
22 the descendants of Hashum 328
23 the descendants of Bezai 324
24 the descendants of Hariph 112
25 the descendants of Gibeon 95
26 from the towns of Bethlehem and Netophah 188
27 from the town of Anathoth 128
28 from the town of Beth Azmaveth 42
29 from the towns of Kiriath Jearim, Kephirah, and Beeroth 743
30 from the towns of Ramah and Geba 621
31 from the town of Micmash 122
32 from the towns of Bethel and Ai 123
33 from the other town of Nebo 52
34 from the other town of Elam 1254
35 from the town of Harim 320
36 from the town of Jericho 345
37 from the towns of Lod, Hadid, and Ono 721
38 from the town of Senaah 3930
39 These are the priests:
the descendants of Jedaiah through the family of Jeshua 973
40 the descendants of Immer 1052
41 the descendants of Pashhur 1247
42 the descendants of Harim 1017
43 These are the people from the tribe of Levi:
the descendants of Jeshua through Kadmiel through the family of Hodeiah Hodeiah Or “Hodaviah.” 74
44 These are the singers:
the descendants of Asaph 148
45 These are the gatekeepers:
the descendants of Shallum, Ater, Talmon, Akkub, Hatita, and Shobai 138
46 These are the special Temple servants:
the descendants of Ziha, Hasupha, Tabbaoth,
47 Keros, Sia, Padon,
48 Lebana, Hagaba, Shalmai,
49 Hanan, Giddel, Gaher,
50 Reaiah, Rezin, Nekoda,
51 Gazzam, Uzza, Paseah,
52 Besai, Meunim, Nephussim,
53 Bakbuk, Hakupha, Harhur,
54 Bazluth, Mehida, Harsha,
55 Barkos, Sisera, Temah,
56 Neziah, and Hatipha.
57 These are the descendants of the servants of Solomon:
Sotai, Sophereth, Perida,
58 Jaala, Darkon, Giddel,
59 Shephatiah, Hattil, Pokereth Hazzebaim, and Amon,
60 the Temple servants and the descendants of Solomon’s servants 392
61 Some people came to Jerusalem from these towns of Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Kerub, Addon, and Immer. But these people could not prove that their families really came from the Israelites:
62 the descendants of Delaiah, Tobiah, and Nekoda 642
63 From the family of priests there were the descendants of
Hobaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai (If a man married a daughter of Barzillai from Gilead, he was counted as a descendant of Barzillai.)
64 These people searched for their family histories, but they could not find them. They could not prove that their ancestors were priests, so they could not serve as priests. Their names were not included in the list of priests. 65 The governor ordered them not to eat any of the most holy food until a priest could use the Urim and Thummim to ask God what to do.
66-67 All together, there were 42,360 people in the group who came back. This is not counting their 7337 men and women slaves. They also had 245 men and women singers with them. 68-69 They had 736 horses, 245 mules, 435 camels, and 6720 donkeys.
70 Some of the family leaders gave money to support the work. The governor gave 19 pounds 19 pounds Literally, “1000 drachmas” (8.63 kg). of gold to the treasury. He also gave 50 bowls and 530 pieces of clothing for the priests. 71 The family leaders gave 375 pounds§ 375 pounds Literally, “20,000 drachmas” (172.5 kg). of gold to the treasury to support the work. They also gave 2750 pounds* 2750 pounds Literally, “2200 minas” (1265 kg). of silver. 72 All together the other people gave 375 pounds of gold, 2500 pounds 2500 pounds Literally, “2000 minas” (1150 kg). of silver, and 67 pieces of clothing for the priests.
73 So the priests, the people from the tribe of Levi, the gatekeepers, the singers, and the Temple servants settled down in their own towns. And all the other Israelites settled down in their own towns. By the seventh month seventh month That is, September–October. Also in 8:1, 14-15. of the year, all the Israelites had settled down in their own towns.

*7:5 family lists See Ezra 2.

7:43 Hodeiah Or “Hodaviah.”

7:70 19 pounds Literally, “1000 drachmas” (8.63 kg).

§7:71 375 pounds Literally, “20,000 drachmas” (172.5 kg).

*7:71 2750 pounds Literally, “2200 minas” (1265 kg).

7:72 2500 pounds Literally, “2000 minas” (1150 kg).

7:73 seventh month That is, September–October. Also in 8:1, 14-15.